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2022| VIETNAM MUSEUM of ETHNOLOGY| Entrance fee – Opening hour – Map

ALL ABOUT VIETNAM MUSEUM OF ETHNOLOGY (Entrance fee – Opening hour – Map)

As Vietnam is a multi-ethnics nation composed of 54 ethnic groups, Vietnam Museum of Ethnology plays an important role in preserving and presenting the cultural heritage of various ethnic groups.

This place is a must-see for people who want to have more knowledge about Vietnamese histories and culture.
This place is a must-see for people who want to have more knowledge about Vietnamese histories and culture.

Another place that also contributes a lot in preserving the cultural heritage of Vietnam is Temple of Literature.

Please click here to read

A. Introduction

A.1. Cultural value:

The Vietnam Museum of Ethnology is a convergence of cultures and a scientific ethnological center.

At the present, a high number of collections are highly cultural value, are exhibited and preserved by the Museum

  • More than 15,000 objects
  • About 40,000 photographs
  • Many audio-visual tapes

A.2. Construction:

On 14 December 1987, the proposal for the museum was officially approved.

Construction lasted from 1987 to 1995.

It was opened to the public on 12 November 1997.

Each section are designed by different architect:

  • Exhibition building, in the shape of Đông Sơn drum, is designed by architect Ha Duc Linh – a Tày ethnic citizen.
  • Interior architecture is designed by the French architect Veronique Dollfus.

B. Directory and Division of Sections

B.1. Indoor section – Trống Đồng Building

B.1.1. First floor:

The first floor illustrates the life of 54 Vietnamese ethnics in different residence through series of pictures and model of simulation.

B.1.2. Second floor

The second floor is place for temporary exhibition, is always renewed according to the exhibition’s topics.

Examples are:

  • “Life in Hanoi during the subsiding period (1975-1986)” in 2006
  • The exhibition of students’ life away from home in big cities in 2013
  • The series of photos of life of Tay Nguyen ethnics in the 1950s in 2014 and 2015.

B.2. Outdoor section – The Garden of Architecture

The outdoor exhibition is an interesting attract for presentation of realistic house model of different ethnics.

Coming to this section, visitors can learn more about

  • The diversity of perspectives
  • Tradition
  • Living style
  • Value of various ethnics

Those are still lingering until the modern day and can illustrated through the design of houses.

B.2.1. Giarai Arap tomb house:

As Giarai people hold the deceased in high esteem, the Giarai has the tradition of building large tomb to worship the passed away.

The most prominent decorations in Giarai tomb is large wooden sculpture carved from tree trunks.

The biggest of these tombs are about 45 square meters.
The biggest of these tombs are about 45 square meters.

Even there is some changes as the time goes by, the tombs are considered as a symbol for exemplary architecture of the group.

B.2.2. Cham house

House is the most tangible cultural heritages of the Cham with different physical characteristic:

  • House is built on ground and arranged in ordered rows.
  • Doors open to the south-west or between.
  • Wall made of bricks and mixture of lime and shells, covered with tiles or thatches.
  • Rooms are arranged in a particular order
    1. Sitting room
    2. Room for parents
    3. Children and married woman
    4. Kitchen
    5. Warehouse
    6. Nuptial room for the youngest daughter.
  • Certain rituals must be performed before the building of the house, praying for the Land God and asking for his permission to cut down trees in the forest.
The simulation of house of the Cham
The simulation of house of the Cham
B.2.3. Viet house

As the North and Middle of Vietnam are frequently hit by storms and hurricanes, local residents content themselves with one storey houses. Viet houses often follow an order:

  • Middle bay in main house is the altar of ancestors.
  • Two lateral bays are place for visitors and rest.
Statues in Viet house
Statues in Viet house

In the 20th centuries, 5 bays were joined on the main house to serve initially as a rice loft, and later as where tuition was given.

B.2.4. Ede house

The long house (nha dai) in Buon Don District, Dak Lak, belonging to the Ede ethnic group, is the longest house in the Central Highlands.

A normal long house is 30 meters in length and 4 meters in width whereas the long house (Nhà dài) in Buon Dot is 85 meters in length and 6 meters in width.

B.2.5. Bana Communal house

The communal house, the most important building in Bahnar village, serves as:

  • Meeting halls for men in the village and as
  • The place for rituals
  • Celebrations
  • Preparation for war or defense.

The bamboo, wood, rattan and straw used for the construction were brought from the Central Highland.

B.3. Thủy Đình House

Beside representing the culture through architecture, the folk tradition is also shown through the art of water puppet in Thủy Đình House.

Thuy Dinh House
Thuy Dinh House

As a traditional art form, the story about rural life is told through the combination of wooden puppet and traditional musical playing on water.

B.4. Southeast Asia section – Cánh Diều Building

The Southeast Asia section is built in 2008 with the area of 500ha.

The First Southeast Asia Museum in the region
The First Southeast Asia Museum in the region

With the exhibition of artifacts originated from different Southeast Asia countries, visitors are inspired to learn more about the culture of not only Vietnam but also other countries in the region and around the world.

B.4.1. Văn hóa Đông Nam Á – Southeast Asia Culture
B.4.1.a. Visual Performance
  • The Java play of mask and dance:

The Java people in Indonesia has the tradition of dancing play since the 15th centuries, in which the actors wear mask and are guided the story teller script, with the assist of Gamelan, a traditional musical instrument.


The Java supposes that:

  1. Straight nose for wealth
  2. Golden-inlaid for deities
  3. White for king and the great man
  4. Yellow for civilians
  • Indonesia Shadow Puppet:

The art of shadow puppet – wayang kulit – is originated from India, with the play of delicate puppet on a white background.

  • Myanmar String Puppet:

The art of string puppet – yoke thay thabin – was born since the 15th centuries and became popular in the 19th centuries in Myanmar. The play is based on the familiar folk of Budda, the myth of the birth of the world and historical tales. 

B.4.1.B. Daily Life

The daily life of Southeast Asia is deeply entrenched with the culture of rice agriculture, traditional housing, wood sculpture, lacquer, and jewelry making.

B.4.1.C. Social Life

The social life in the region follows various set of rules in marriage, funerals, scripts and betel.

B.4.1.D. Religion
  • Local religion:

Local religion, a popular religion in Southeast Asia, is based on the belief of spirit in relics and nature.

  • Hinduism:

Hinduism was born in India in the 800 B.C then was introduced into Southeast Asia, from Java island to Bali in Indonesia.

  • Buddhism:

There are two groups of Buddhism, Mahayana in Indonesia and Theravada in Myanmar, Thailand, Campuchia and Laos.

  • Muslim:

Muslim started penetrating into Southeast Asia since the 13th centuries from India and China. This is the main religion in Indonesia, national religion in Malaysia and Brunei.

  • Catholicism:

Catholicism was introduced into Southeast Asia since 15th centuries. Nowadays, 80% of the Philippines is Catholicism, a 3rd largest Catholicism country in the world, after Brazil and Mexico.

B.4.2. Một thoáng Châu Á – A Moment of Asia

A Moment of Asia section introduce the culture of different region in Asia, such as Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia, West Asia and South Asia with the majority of artifacts belongs to Japanese Professor Kaneko Kazushige’s collection, from about 400 journeys.

B.4.3. Vòng quay thế giới – Around the world

The collection, as the section’s name, break out of Asia’s border and take visitors to the culture of the world. The exhibition is organized into 4 small sectors, where visitors can learn about different aspect of life in disparate continents:

  • Asia: folk culture, religion, weapons, mask and puppet, clothes and jewelry.
  • Oceania: mask, jewelry and trade, routine objects and man house.
  • America: folk culture, clothes and jewelry.
  • Africa: folk culture, mask, religion, daily relics, clothes and jewelry, trading and exploitation.

C. Tourist Information:

C.1. Opening hour:

Everyday during the week, from 8:30am to 5:30pm.

Closed everyday Monday and Lunar New Year Eve.

C.2. Entrance fee/ Ticket price:

Entrance fee is 40.000 VND/each ( ≈1.8 USD)

For preference only: Ticket price for Water Puppet Show:

  • Adult: 90.000 VND/each.
  • Children: 70.000 VND/each.

C.3. Transportation:

Vietnam Museum of Ethnology is located at Nguyễn Văn Huyên Street, Hanoi.

Museum of Ethnology

Visitors can easily travel to Vietnam Museum of Ethnology either by taxi, bus or motorbike or bicycle. For motorbikes or bicycle, the fee for parking is 5.000 VND. For visitors who want to come here by bus, there are several available lines such as 7, 12, 13, 14, 38 và 39.

C.4. Free tour for Vietnam Museum of Ethnology:

Visiting Vietnam Museum of Ethnology, visitors are highly recommended to book a tour with the local to fully understand the tradition, culture, routine and habits of different ethnics.

Free tour is organized by Hanoi Free Local Tour with tour guides are groups of young passionate and energetic students who seek to guide the foreigners as a way to practice and improve their English skills but are trained to have full knowledge about attractions in Hanoi and tour guide skill. Booking a tour is easy as visitors only have to go to websites and place a tour’s order. Visitors will receive a confirmation from tour director and they will be picked at their hotel or arranged meeting place at time as appointed.


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All Vietnamese Women’s Museum in Hanoi [updated 2022]

About the Women’s Museum

The old day goes “ men build the house and women make it home”. It means that men are breadwinners who take charge of earning money and shoulder financial responsibilities in the family, while women are accountable for taking care of children, preparing meals for the family. However, Vietnamese women have to take more responsibilities than those. In addition to being a wife, a mother of the children they are a insufficient millitary source in wars against invaders, especially through the two fights against the French and America colonialism.

Vietnamese women’s museum is located in Ly Thuong Kiet street which is the most ancient and vibrant street in such a cosmopolitan city like Hanoi. The museum was constructed in 1987 and run by Vietnam Women’s union. It is the goal of the site to preserve and display various tangible and intangible historical and cultural heritage of Vietnamese women through the long-standing pathway of the history. Since being inaugurated in 1995, it has held a variety of exhibitions successfully and welcomed millions of international visitors from different nations on a yearly basis.

Vietnamese Women's Museum in Hanoi
Vietnamese Women’s Museum in Hanoi

When it comes to the achievements that the museum has obtained, the most outstanding one that should not be mentioned is that it ranks 11th of 25 most popular museums in Asia voted by TripAdvisor with the meaningful message “ worth visiting, touching stories” in 2013. In addition, in continuous years, it holds one of the top tourist attractions of the capital, according to the recent statistics from the Tourism Department.

Vietnamese women’s museum was constructed in such a harmonious layout including two buildings a primary part, an inferior one and a cafeteria.

The first impression that catches visitors’ eyes is the huge glass in front of the main gate. It is a stained glass divided into different cells with attractive colors that show the contents of the museum. Besides, it seems to be an effective way of emphasizing on the nature when the architectures utilized green trees and colorful flowers to take place of metal fence. Just a little detail is able to make tourists feel inspired and comfortable to enjoy quality time in the museum. It has four floors that are full with various books, items and subjects related to Vietnamese women.

If the outside of the museum brings tourists comfort, its interior makes them surprised and even takes their breath away because of its creative design. Standing in the first floor, there is a statue named “Mother of Vietnam” which is the symbol of the museum. The woman is holding her baby on her shoulder and her right hand is putting down at her feet, which means to be a shield to protect her child. This image represents for Vietnamese women with respected characteristics. Being a wife, a mother, they appear to be a flame heating the unconditional family love. Looking up to the ceiling is an interesting fun. There is a great number of the colorful conical leaf hats that are the symbol of Vietnamese women hanging on the ceiling. The museum often is renovated and redesigned accordance with each collection so that visitors feel like they are in a scene of the movie. Furthermore, other floors cover over 1000 items and diverse images. Only by seeing these exhibits can visitors portray vividly the appearance of Vietnamese women with their feats, sacrifice and their loss for our nation’s independence and reunification.

Three main themes in Women's museum
Three main themes in Women’s museum

Women’s museum has three main themes: women in the family, women in history and women’s fashion. On the second floor, we can gain deeper understanding about women in the family ranging from wedding ceremonies, wedding costumes for women of all regions to the local rituals and customs related to women. There are some ethnic groups adapting the parental line of descent while others accept maternal line of descent. Despite the difference between groups in the family system, the procedures of wedding seem similar to some extent. The wedding normally consists of three parts: espousal, wedding and returned ceremony. It is interesting to note that for several ethnic groups, the more the amount of dowry is, the higher level of respect and love in husband’s family is. Next to the room displaying exhibits about wedding, there is a place to display the process of pregnancy with unique things of each group own such as a couple’s bedroom of the Black Thai ethnic and the ring called praying for having child. Additionally, the organization of family also depicts thoroughly through exhibits associated with various activities like hunting, planting, trafficking, and so on.

The third floor focuses on the topic of women in history. it is the site to reminisce the life stories of heroic females who delicated  the whole life to the Resistance war against invaders. You will be surprised to see memorabilia in here that is the most justified proof of creativity, iron willpower and ingenuous romance of Vietnamese women even in the wars, typically the vase from shells, militia platoon, etc… there are also various pictures of heroic Vietnamese mothers whose husband, children sacrificed bravely, heroically. They had to hide countless hurt in the introverted soul and continued to fight. They are so so great!!!.

Vietnamese Women's Museum in Hanoi
Vietnamese Women’s Museum in Hanoi

The forth floor is for women’s fashion. It shows clearly percise skills of vietnamese women in the craftsmanship. They produced sewing, art pattern, embroidery, making jewellery art and makeup art deriving from ethnic groups in the north mountainous area.  Besides, it is interesting for tourists to learn more about the unique traditional customs of betel chewing and teeth staining. The museum also holds different exhibitions about various different topics such as “Mau” creed whom the Vietnamese worship for with a view to wishing the best and praying for their family, especially for their children. You have chance of discovering some folk songs, dances and special costumes in the form of worshipping.

Adjacent to the main hall and courtyard, the first floor is also the place to display a wide range of exhibitions according to topics reflecting contemporary life, raising the voice of society and exchanging the cultures between countries, for example, the Japanese doll exhibition with excellent and precise handmade dolls. It brings the museum brand-new leaf and an opening life. Not only taking place some exhibitions and events, does the museum hold traditional musical programs that attract many international tourists as well. Thanks to performing these programs, while tourists outside Vietnam can broaden their horizons about this type of art, Vietnamese people in particular young generations put emphasis on preserving the national conventional traditions and identity. Besides assimilating into multicultural world, they also should protect traditional values and develop them non-stop.

Attaching importance to creativity and practicing, the museum has opened discovery room in the aim of teaching children aged from 7 to 15 years. With modern and quality facilities, this room would facilitate children to nurture and foster their creativity, soft skills and expand their social relationships. There are both Vietnamese and English books, stories about women, children and other diverse topics sponsored from many bookshops, funds. Children are taught to make craftworks, conceal leaf hats and draw pictures of their own.

Vietnamese women’s museum appears to be a colorful magazine vividly replaying all aspect of life of Vietnamese women. It makes a significant contribution to convey meaningful messages to the youth about the respected qualities of women. It also helps to broaden our horizons about national heritage and traditional values of Vietnamese women.

Vietnamese Women’s Museum Information (Hours, Tickets, Address)

  • 36 Ly Thuong Kiet Street, Hanoi
  • Telephone Number: +(84)438259937
  • Entrance Fee: VND 30,000

Hanoi Free Local Tours would love to introduce you women’s museum, one of the top things to do in Hanoi,

hope that you have a bit informative information about this place.


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Saint Joseph Cathedral Hanoi| Opening Hours – Schedule – Address

Saint Joseph Cathedral Hanoi | Historical Information | Tourist Information


An Neo-Gothic Cathedral located in the heart of Hanoi Capital, Saint Joseph Cathedral is the representative evidence of the French colonial architecture.

Familiarly called by the local as “The Big Church”, Saint Joseph Cathedral is the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hanoi for more than 4 million Catholics in the country.

Places that also represents French Quarter Hanoi

  • Hỏa Lò Prison (also known as Maison Centrale)
  • Long Bien Bridge (Historical Bridge built by French)

A. History of St. Joseph Cathedral Hanoi

A.1. The Construction:

The construction of Hanoi began in 1886, with the architectural style described as resembling the famous cathedral Notre Dame de Paris.

As an oldest church in Hanoi, St. Joseph was one of the first structure built by the French colonist during the expansion in its colonial empire Indochina.

St. Joseph was built on the site of Bao Thien Pagoda – a well-respected temple as the center of Buddhist practice in Lý-Trần dynasty demolished for the construction of the Church.

A.2. After the French colonial era:

After the retreat of French from North Vietnam in 1954, St. Joseph Cathedral is under the control the Vietnamese Nationalists and suffered decade of persecution, when priests were arrested, church property were seized and expropriated.

It was not until the Christmas Eve of 1990 that the mass was allowed to be celebrated there.

 B. The Architecture of St. Jospeh Cathedral

B.1. Exterior:

Exterior of St. Jospeh Cathedral
Exterior of St. Jospeh Cathedral
  • 64,5 meters in length, 20,5 meters in width, 31,5 meters in height.
  • The façade consists of two towers, square in shape with five bells.
  • The twin bell towers with the resemblance to Notre Dame de Paris.
  • The exterior walls made of granite stone slabs, yet is stained with pollution with the pass of time.
Granite stone wall of St. Jospeh Cathedral
Granite stone wall of St. Jospeh Cathedral

B.2. Interior: 

  • Gothic style, tall windows with pointed arches.
  • Stained glass windows were produced in France then imported to Vietnam.
  • Rib vaulted ceiling.
  • Weathered nave with shiny sanctuary made of trimmed wood
  • The statue of Virgin Mary kept in palanquin, to the left of the nave.

C. Tourist Information

C.1. Opening hour

  • For Outside visit: all time
  • For Inside visit: visitors can only enter the Cathedral in Hanoi in the opening time of ceremonial practice as the following schedule:
    • Weekday: 5:30 am and 6:15 pm
    • Saturday: 6:00 pm
    • Sunday: 5:00 am, 7:00 am, 9:00 am, 11:00 am, 4:00 pm, 6:00 pm and 8:00 pm
    • Special ceremony is on 19th March every year.

C.2 Address

Visitors can easily find St. Joseph Cathedral Hanoi, located at 40 Nhà Chung street, as it lies in the connecting corner of Nhà Chung and Nhà Thờ street.

C.3. Entrance Fee/ Ticket Price

Public space and free

C.4. Transportation

  • Bus:
  1. take 01 to Trieu Quoc Dat street stop
  2. 02 to Hai Ba Trung Street stop;
  3. 09, 14, 36 to Hoan Kiem Lake stop and

Then walk to the Cathedral

  • Motorcycle/ Bicycle: park vehicles near Hoan Kiem lake (the parking line is parallel to Cau Go Street) and walk to the Cathedral

Parking fee: 10.000 VND (0.4 USD)

D. What’s next after visiting St. Joseph Cathedral?

D.1. Where to go next?

As a benefit of location in the center of Hanoi, visitors are provided of a variety of choice for the next destinations. Visitors can consider these following:

  • Hoan Kiem Lake and Ngoc Son Temple:
  1. Hoan Kiem Lake, the lake of Returned Swords, as the most representative site pertaining the value of Hanoi with famous historical legend.
  2. Ngoc Son Temple as the symbol of educational tradition of the Vietnamese
  • Hoa Lo Prison: also known as Maison Centrale, a representative testimony of the period of Vietnamese revolutionary struggle against the French colonists

Address: 1 Hoa Lo Street

  •  Vietnam Museum of Woman: preserve and display various tangible and intangible historical and cultural heritage of Vietnamese women through the long-standing pathway of the history

Address: 36 Ly Thuong Kiet Street

 D.2. Where to eat next?

  • Bánh gối and deep-fried cuisine: 52 Ly Quoc Su Street
  • Pork Porridge: Ngõ Huyện Street
Pork Porridge: Ngõ Huyện Street
Pork Porridge: Ngõ Huyện Street

E. Free Tour with Hanoi Free Local Tour

Visitors are highly recommended to book a free tour with Vietnamese locals when visiting St. Joseph Cathedral to understand more about its presence in the local’s social life and further fully explore Hanoi with other nearby attractions.

Hanoi Free Walking Tours is organized by Hanoi Free Local Tour with tour guides are groups of young passionate and energetic students who seek to guide the foreigners as a way to practice and improve their English skills but are trained to have full knowledge about attractions in Hanoi and tour guide skill.

Booking a tour is easy as visitors only have to go to websites and place a tour’s order. Visitors will receive a confirmation from tour director and they will be picked at their hotel or arranged meeting place at time as appointed.

Written by Trang Nguyen