• Bao Thien Tower – A historic witness:

 Bao Thien Tower, the tower which was considered as one of 4 greatest treasures of An Nam (the name of Vietnam under Ly dynasty) is still a popular destination for history lover. Not only is it famous for its historical meaning but it is also for its thrilling stories. Although Bao Thien Tower now only exists in the memory of Vietnamese and in history books but it stories still recall people about the old time changes and French invasion.

Bao Thien was located on the land of Great Church (Nha tho Lon) in Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi. The tower has always play vital roles in people’s heart against French colonists. For it disappearance, it’s the clearest confirmation of attempting to convert Vietnamese to indoctrination of Christian of colonists. Clearly, it was result of history but hardly do people know about the real reason of its collapse. Thus, Bao Thien Tower becomes a reminder of thrill.

  1. Bao Thien Tower – The birth of one of four greatest treasures



  • Along with Quy Dien bell, Pho Minh “vac”( looks like incense-burner) and Quynh Lam pagoda, Bao Thien tower were proud of Vietnamese under Ly Thanh Tong dynasty(1028-1054).  Through Vietnam history, Buddhism was the most flourishing while Ly Kings ruled over the country in 126 years. In that time, many pagodas in Vietnamese were completed.
  • After ascending the throne, Ly King decided to build a pagoda on the Luc Thuy (Hoan Kiem Lake now) called Sung Khanh Bao Thien to worship Buddhists and a respected monk Khong Lo. The King agreed to support 12,000 kilograms copper to make a big bell in the pagoda.
  • In the next year, in 1057, Ly Thanh Tong gave an order to build Dai Thanh Tu Thien Tower on the land of Bao Thien pagoda. According to many historical documents, it had 12 storey but there is no evidence of the exact height of it.  On account of being built in Sung Khanh Bao Thien pagoda, the tower was named after Bao Thien tower.
  1. Structure and meaning of Bao Thien Tower:



  • It was located on a mound in Bao Thien Ward in the East of imperial city Thang Long. Main material of it were brick and stone which written “made in the fourth Long Thuy Thai Binh years, the third Ly king).
  • The reason of even number of storey was the aim of making a treasure of the nation so the tower represented for balance and stability like Ly dynasty.  The third floor had a sentence “the King is longevity”. Other ones were made by copper. On the top of Bao Thien Tower was carved “Dao Ly Thien” (the sky spear).
  • Inside the construction, numerous skillful human stone and concept stone were preserved. At that time, the tower was the most spectacular structure in Thang Long imperial city, indicating for Dai Viet strong country.
  • In 1426, when Minh army (Chinese now) invaded Vietnam, they were surrounded by the nation army. While waiting for support, the Minh army destroyed the tower to take copper making weapons. After that, Le dynasty renovated it many times so it still kept it vital roles for locals.
  1. The collapse of the Bao Thien Tower


  • Before the tower disappeared completely, it was destroyed several times by natural phenomenon.
  • According to the history, on Autumn 1258, the highest floor was destroyed by a strong storm. On February 1322, it was stuck by lighting. On June 1406, the top of tower felt down. However, after three times renovation, Bao Thien tower still existed despite being changed some parts. The highlight of the real collapse of it was when French invaded Vietnam.  Many stories were told but at no time that any documents were given to the public. Thus, many theories have been born. Among them, the theory was written in “Dai Viet Su Ki Toan Thu” of Ngo Si Lien is the most reliable.
  • It is said that in 1882, after French took over 3 Easter provinces from Hue, Henri Riviere led army to occupy Hanoi. When the nation country was beaten, Henri Riviere ordered army to destroy many parts of Thang long imperial city and pagodas, temples as well. The aim of them was to sweep the nation traditional culture and ministered Christian to Vietnam. Since then Bao Thien pagoda disappeared in Hanoi map. Not long after, Great Church was built on the land of Bao Thien pagoda. So, did Bao Thien Tower disappeared by the same reason?  In fact, when Bao Thien pagoda felt down, the Bao Thien Tower didn’t exist anymore.
  • Actually, there are hundred rumors of reason why Bao Thien Tower felt down. Some people distorted that in order to prepare for building the Great Church, the tower had to be removed. However, it is Minh army who destroyed the tower.  While being surrounded by Vietnamese army, Minh army took the top of the tower which resulting of the collapse of tower.
  • On the land of Bao Thien tower, not long after the Great Church was put up. A new time of new religion started like that. Being an independent country now but now Vietnamese people forget what their accents had to suffer and what they had to pay to reclaim freedom: blood, tears and the collapse of numerous wonderful structure as well.

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1         The view of the Hanoi Opera House

The Hanoi Opera house is not only a historical, artistic building but it also is a stage full of greatest performances worldwide. Either you are art lovers or not, the Hanoi Opera House is the place you shouldn’t miss. Definitely, it is worth your time to see it.


Located near Sword Lake and many famous places, Hanoi opera house plays an important role in conveying culture of Vietnam to foreigners and developing art of Vietnam.  Hundred years went by regardless, the Hanoi opera house is a unique structure with outstanding values in term of art, architect, culture and history. The house has been well-known for a symbol of great art in Vietnam and a dream of any Vietnamese artists.

*)            The Vietnam national Opera under the French colonization

A historical evidence under the French colonization

Hanoi-Opera-House-in 20th century

Hanoi-Opera-House-in 20th century

Built from 1901 to 1911, it was a special project of French Government when French occupied Vietnam. A 11 year- construction in a colonial country is something which seems to be unbelievable. However, there are many other evidences proving that French colonists invested a great amount of money and work force to this construction.


It position was formerly a wetland areas belong to two villages, Thach Tan and Tay Luong. Thus, the construction is a strenuous work. Under technical supervision of two famous architect Harley, Broyer and many comments of others architects, the work still demanded a huge workforce and materials. 300 workers were working continuously. They used 35,000 bamboo poles and concrete blocks of 0,9m thick. Besides, 12,000m3 of materials with 600 tons of iron and steel on the total area of 2600m2 are amazing figures for any construction.

Now, you may put a question “Why French decided to build an expensive building in Hanoi?”

In fact, in 1899, envoy of Hanoi – Richard decided to build a city council meeting building. The aim of it is entertaining. They wanted a place for Western artists to perform yearly for French colonists. Vietnamese higher classes were allowed to come to the house but they had to be dress up and paid much money for tickets.

Through Vietnam history, many important events were held in the opera house. On 29/8/1945, the Northland Vietnamese Army was introduced formally in public at the opera house’ Square.

On 16/9/1945, the Golden week was held in the square to donate money, gold and necessary things for the Government when it was founded by Ho Chi Minh President.

On 2/9/1946, the Government celebrated one year anniversary of Vietnam Democratic Republic in the Opera house. At the same time, it was used to welcome Uncle Ho for the first time.


Looked in a positive way, the Hanoi opera house proved the development of Hanoi and Vietnam under French colonization. Moreover, it is also a historical witness in those greatest days of Vietnam so there is no doubt that it is one of the vital buildings in Hanoi.

*)            Opera House in Hanoi– A peak of architecture art in Vietnam



A peak of architecture art in Vietnam

So impressive the structure of building is that everyone coming here has a same feeling of it – amazing.  The architects were inspired by ancient Greek architecture styles and Paris opera house. It can be said that nowhere in Hanoi do you find a structure which has a perfect mixture of urban and capital architecture.

The facade was designed with pillars and balconies overlooking the city center. A wide stage and a main auditorium with area of 24x 24 with 870 seat surrounding give a strong impression on people. There were many small rooms for individual tickets on the middle floor. A large hall was located between the middle stair and the second floor.  At both sides, extra stairs and hallway make a emphasis to the house. Artists performing in the house have 18 suites in an administrator room for makeup and restroom, 2 rooms for training, 1 library and a meeting room. Especially, on the second floor, a mirror room is home to important ceremonies, signing important documents and welcomes dignitaries worldwide. Equipped with modern equipment and designed soundproofed walls, auditorium can make you be deep in wonderful melodies worldwide.

*)            A golden dream of Opera artists



A golden dream of artists

Not only it is a symbol of Hanoi in many aspects but it is also the Hanoi opera house is a stage of flourishing art. So many great performances have been displayed here that it is dream of all Vietnamese artists. Invited to perform in the stage is  a way to recognize their talent and contribution to art of Vietnam,.

Since completed, it has been the stage of various forms of music. Initially, only classical music can be performed four times per week on Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday and Sunday such as Opera or Drama.

Nowadays, music lovers have much more choices when they come to the Opera house. No sooner had Vietnam been an opening country than many forms of music were imported to Vietnam. Therefore, on the stage of the Opera house, new performances have chance to access to audiences.

For lovers of opera or drama people, they are satisfied with Carmen, the Secret Garden or Hamlet. They are the most performances in the world and were displayed in many countries worldwide. Should you love ballet, you can choose Casse Noisette or Swan Lake.

In addition, contemporary music, symphony or Vietnamese plays may bring to you relaxing minutes after hard time of work in the weekend.

Despite being an art stage, the Hanoi opera house also have special functions for the Government. It is places to celebrate art and cultural activities for political, social purposes or exchange culture with other countries. Conferences, seminars and press conferences under plan of Ministry of Culture Sport and Tourism are taken place in the opera house as well.


2          Useful information for audiences of Hanoi Opera House

Because the opera house is a luxurious and the most famous stage in Vietnam, you are not allowed to come in it without ticket. Moreover, you should notice on some following rules to avoid unexpected circumstances.

  •         Well dressing is recommended.
  •         Tickets don’t cover children and the opera house is not suitable for children under 6 years old.
  •         Do not smoke or bring food to the opera house.
  •         Don’t use any devices to record anything without allowance of managers.
  •         Switch your phone to silence mode or airline mode when performances begin.
  •         You are not allowed to come in the Opera house 15 minutes before performances begin.
  •         Keep silence while you are watching.
  •         If you need assistance, please find deposit room or public heath room.

Price of ticket:

There is no fixed price for tickets. It depends on what the performance you want to watch. Average price is about 300,000 VND -1,000,000 VND/ ticket.

In order to get more information about schedule of show, please to access to


01th  Trang Tien – Hoan Kiem District – Hanoi – Vietnam

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  • Overview of Bat Trang ceramic village

Bat Trang_ Aaseven-century old village with tradition of making porcelain and pottery through historical ups and downs is a destination that you shouldn’t miss when you are in Hanoi. No matter how many places you have visited, the Bat Trang village will give you unforgettable experiences and truly understand historical stories of Vietnam- an age-old culture country. Moreover, you will have interesting feeling when making something like a glass, a bowl, a vase,…in your own.

  1. History of Bat Trang village.



Located in an area near Red River- the silty river in Vietnam, Bat Trang village has advantages to make pottery and porcelain. However, the name of village existed since Le dynasty when five big families decided to move to Thang Long imperial citadel to do business. Craftsman and pottery makers also moved to the places with their children and relatives. The way they produced products at that time was household productions so number of products were very limited. After 500 years, Bat Trang village has been known as a traditional village. Then, production of village was organized again with a view of develop the village faster and faster.

Despite of being an officially traditional village for 500 years ago, products of village had been highly appreciated since 14th and 15th century. Not only did it famous in domestic market but they were also exported to big market in the world thanks to the Japanese, Chinese and Western trading boasts that passed by.

Unfortunately, under Trinh and Nguyen dynasty, restrict foreign policy prevented ceramic products. These products could not export to any countries except for our domestic market. Since 1986, when Vietnam reclaimed freedom and became an independent country, opening trade policy encouraged to produce strongly. That’s why the world has a chance to know a high quality ceramic and porcelain brand like Bat Trang Vietnam.

Once time, production in the village felt down because demand of market has changed all the time. In order to catch up with market trend, potters and craftsmen renovated their production to come back to the golden age. Nowadays, apart from producing for market, more than 1000 household productions with many shops are always ready to serve tourists.

2. Creative Pottery Products



With creativity and skill, Vietnamese craftsmen made many forms of ceramic and porcelain products to meet customers’ demand. Bowls, cups, plates, bottles and so on are popular products of the village. Besides, customers can order product as they requested.

Compared with other famous producing-ceramic countries in the world, Vietnam has fewer advantages in all aspects. Nevertheless, not any person can deny the high quality products of Bat Trang village.

Initially, all of products were made by hands. Processed soil was shaped in potter’s wheels. Nowadays, no longer does the form of production used because of demand of market. Potters shape the soil into mound. Yet, most of other steps are still made by hands.

There is no doubt that handmade products can’t have a perfect appearance like mass products in factories. So why are these products accepted in the market? If you are a pottery and ceramic lover, you will have answer easily: imperfection makes perfection. These products aren’t as perfect as mass ones but they have spirits of potters that no factory can make. Vignettes drawn by hand give a strong impression on customers and are emphasizes as well. Sometimes, potters have to spend hours on drawing vignettes of products. So many workforces is spent that products seem to be spiritual children of potters. Another vital reason is that each product of Bat Trang village reflects Vietnamese’s culture. In other words, they help preserve cultural values of the country for thousand years.

3. Ceramic-making Activities



If you have an intention of visiting Bat Trang village, half day tour is recommend. You’ll have chance of taking a walk on beautiful dams what hardly do you see when you are in your country. In addition, joining buffalo tour is an interesting choice for tourists to enjoy the view.

Located about 10km from Hanoi but Bat Trang village has no difference from other villages in countryside. Fresh air and comfortable feelings are plus marks for it. Taking wonderful photos to share with friends and family is a wonderful idea.

You may buy product in stores as a gift for family. At no time do you have to worry about origin because all of them are produced by potters in Bat Trang village.

Especially, you can be a potter in pottery and porcelain market. It is unbelievable, right? Don’t worry because no one judges your product. For a moment, you feel like being in a time machine to come back your childhood. No judgment, no worry, just fun.  You will definitely have unforgettable time and a unique gift for your friends.

4. Tips tips and tips


How to transport: the village is 10km far from Hanoi center so you have many choices to transport. Bus, motorbikes, taxi or even bikes all allow you to arrive.

+) For bus, all you need to do is Google and a good wireless to find bus journey and choose the most convenient bus stop for you. In contrary to what you know about bus, bus in Vietnam may surprise you because of its bit difference. There is no question that bus is cheap but you may get into some troubles such as crowd, wasting much time or language barrier. Many Vietnamese use bus to transport everyday but for foreigners, it seems to be a quite hard. Nevertheless, because of your safety, public transportations are recommended.

5. What you should prepare?

Visiting the village consumes you much energy for interesting activities and on one make sure that you find your favorite food here so preparing your meal is the best choice. You only need to bring some food like a picnic and enjoy it during your tour. Food, drink and fruits enable you to have a good meal. Besides, many stores serve you all the time if you want to try Vietnamese food. Don’t worry about price here on account of all stores are controlled strictly. You can survey price and leave in case you think it’s too high without any annoying from stores owners. Plus, because you just spend half day in the village so there is no need to concerning about hotel or hostel. You can take a rest in any stores if you need.

6. Is there any new experience in Bat Trang?


The answer is yes. As you know, buffaloes are the most common animal in Vietnam but in big cities like Hanoi, hardly can you come across a real buffalo. Understanding it, people in the village bring to you amazing experience. Nice buffaloes are your driver. Really? Certainly.Thus, you’ll have chance of discovering Vietnam in a unique way. Each visiting around the village costs you about 150k-200k VND.

On the way, sometimes, you may have feelings that you are in a pottery exhibition. Many pottery and porcelain will come into sight. They are diversified in shape, vintage and form. A useful tip for you is that if you notice, you might find a beautiful and unique thing but taking notice on avoiding faulty goods is recommended. Before buying it, you should bargain with owners. 2/3 of asking price is reasonable price for you. Taking photos with pottery goods allows here as long as you pay attention in order to not break them.

  • Now, after taking note all of these information and tips, are you ready to leave your position to discover the village? Why not booking a tour in Hanoi Free Local Tour to have a nice free tour guide? So exciting!

Thiên Vũ,




One of the symbol of the French colonists exploitation that still exists and preserves is Hoa Lo prison. Along its long history, It is called as several other names such as Maison centrale, Hanoi Hilton hotel and Hoa Lo prison. No matter what its name is, the prison is the most justified evidence that demonstrates the brutality of the French colonial government toward Vietnamese people. Initially, the French built it with a point of capturing and torturing Vietnamese revolutionaries patriots who were willing to fight against the French colonialism. After 1954 when the French enemy lose in Vietnam war, the prison became the primary camp to keep American pilots in jail who had been shot down in the war.




Hoa Lo prison was constructed in 1896 by the French. It used to belong to  Phu Khach village that specialized in producing pottery stoves. The French forced the residents to leave in order to build Maison central. At that time, Hoa Lo prison was the biggest prison in Indochina but it was not the cruelest one since there was a Guillotine that was sent from France. It was the Guillotine that relieved the paint for prisoners because it made prisoners dead fast instead of suffering cruel severe torture. It originally tended to capture 500 inmates, but in fact, the prison kept at the peak of over 2000 prisoners in jail.


When it comes to its architecture, the prison was designed to become one of the harshest prisons with solid stone walls being 0,5 metre thick and 4 meter high. Moreover, it was reinforced by the barbed wires fence with high voltage electricity and covered by broken glass on the top of the walls so that no one could break out. In the premises of the prison, there were watch towers to monitor and observe every moment here. The outer of the prison was guarded seriously while the inside was designed to bring the sense of fear to prisoners. Dirty, damp, tiny cells were painted in grey and black that made people suffocating. The fear invaded their mind, as a result, they would die gradually without under the hands of the French colonists. It is noteworthy to mention that both facilities and tortured tools were brought from France so their quality was extremely good and reliable.





hỏa-lò-guillotine- hỏa lò prison

hoa-lo-guillotine- hoa -lo- prison


The French government brought in such severe laws. Revolutionary soldiers did not have human right, they were treated badly as wild animals or livestock. The French guards gave them leftover, stale food contained in pig troughs that Vietnamese farmers often fed their livestock. Moreover, Vietnamese political prisoners were tortured by wearing stock in their neck and chaining their foot to cells. They had to endure the harshest conditions, including stale food and unsanitary conditions. They used the savage instrument of torture and racked under various forms such as sliding their head into tub to strike, using electric wire to beat and using head-cut machine. it was the most terrible thing making inmates scared even dead before sentencing.

Despite suffering the paint physically and mentally, the prisoners still did not overpower and dampen their patriotism and determination for releasing our nation from colonization. Instead of surrendering, they made the prison become a revolutionary school. They taught languages and transferred books talking about political ideology so as to nurture their fight willpower against the French colonialism.

prisoners in Hoa Lo

prisoners in Hoa Lo

      The most memorable events were twice escaped from the jail. The first one took place in 6/3/1945 lead by Ho Chi Minh. Thanks to his perfect plan, 100 prisoners including Do Muoi, Tran Dang Ninh,… escaped successfully by going through the sewer. No sooner had they come back their local than they took charge of leading the August revolution to take the authority and made significant contribution to the national independence and liberating our nation from the French colonialism. The second one was in 24/12/1951, taking advantage of the neglected vigilance of the prison guards when they were enjoying Christmas, 16 prisoners planned to escape. Unfortunately, owing to unwanted change, everything did not go according to the plan, consequently, there were 5 out of 16 prisoners breaking out successfully.   Others were arrested and had to end up with death penalty. In spite of anticipating a wide range of difficulties and obstacles, they were willing to sacrifice because of the freedom and independence.

      After the war defending against the French enemy won completely, the prison was utilized to capture American pilots who had been shot down. If the French made use of the prison as a place to torture brutally revolutionary people, Vietnamese government, by contrast, treated American pilots clemently as if they had been enjoying an extended holiday in Hilton hotel. There are numerous exhibits such as clothes, beds, dairies that they wrote and did when they were imprisoned in the prison. They could access medical care, practice exercise on a daily basis and even write letters to their beloved people. Besides, they were given chance to talk with reporters and humanitarian agencies. It is quite confused to understand the humanitarian laws that Vietnamese government adapted to American inmates. Nevertheless, it was the purpose of the government to express that Vietnamese people always respect the peace and human right, instead of being rivals, all countries around the world should be friends to support each other to develop non-stop.

Hoa Lo prison nowadays occupies one-fifth area of the prison in the past because of building other construction serving the need of society. The prison attracts millions of both local and international tourists every year, especially in some special holidays, it is pleasant to welcome former prisoners to share unforgettable events about the war. the prison helps to remind young generations about the sacrifice and ceaseless effort of patriots and brave soldiers to gain independence that we are enjoying today.


monumental place in Hoa Lo prison

monumental place in Hoa Lo

How do you think about the relic?

Hanoi is long war history with  sacrifice and ceaseless effort of patriots who  were willing to sacrifice because of the freedom and independence. Moreover, Hanoi has others hightlight history places such as Long Bien bridge, Vietnamese Women’s Museum and Military History Museum.

Also, if you find useful information in this article, would you mind encouraging me with a book tour button. Thank you.


Vietnamese Women’s Museum in Hanoi

Vietnamese Women’s Museum in Hanoi

The old day goes “ men build the house and women make it home”. It means that men are breadwinners who take charge of earning money and shoulder financial responsibilities in the family, while women are accountable for taking care of children, preparing meals for the family. However, Vietnamese women have to take more responsibilities than those. In addition to being a wife, a mother of the children they are a insufficient millitary source in wars against invaders, especially through the two fights against the French and America colonialism.

Vietnamese women’s museum is located in Ly Thuong Kiet street which is the most ancient and vibrant street in such a cosmopolitan city like Hanoi. The museum was constructed in 1987 and run by Vietnam Women’s union. It is the goal of the site to preserve and display various tangible and intangible historical and cultural heritage of Vietnamese women through the long-standing pathway of the history. Since being inaugurated in 1995, it has held a variety of exhibitions successfully and welcomed millions of international visitors from different nations on a yearly basis.

Vietnamese Women's Museum in Hanoi 2

Vietnamese Women’s Museum in Hanoi

When it comes to the achievements that the museum has obtained, the most outstanding one that should not be mentioned is that it ranks 11th of 25 most popular museums in Asia voted by TripAdvisor with the meaningful message “ worth visiting, touching stories” in 2013. In addition, in continuous years, it holds one of the top tourist attractions of the capital, according to the recent statistics from the Tourism Department.

Vietnamese women’s museum was constructed in such a harmonious layout including two buildings a primary part, an inferior one and a cafeteria. The first impression that catches visitors’ eyes is the huge glass in front of the main gate. It is a stained glass divided into different cells with attractive colors that show the contents of the museum. Besides, it seems to be an effective way of emphasizing on the nature when the architectures utilized green trees and colorful flowers to take place of metal fence. Just a little detail is able to make tourists feel inspired and comfortable to enjoy quality time in the museum. It has four floors that are full with various books, items and subjects related to Vietnamese women.

If the outside of the museum brings tourists comfort, its interior makes them surprised and even takes their breath away because of its creative design. Standing in the first floor, there is a statue named “Mother of Vietnam” which is the symbol of the museum. The woman is holding her baby on her shoulder and her right hand is putting down at her feet, which means to be a shield to protect her child. This image represents for Vietnamese women with respected characteristics. Being a wife, a mother, they appear to be a flame heating the unconditional family love. Looking up to the ceiling is an interesting fun. There is a great number of the colorful conical leaf hats that are the symbol of Vietnamese women hanging on the ceiling. The museum often is renovated and redesigned accordance with each collection so that visitors feel like they are in a scene of the movie. Furthermore, other floors cover over 1000 items and diverse images. Only by seeing these exhibits can visitors portray vividly the appearance of Vietnamese women with their feats, sacrifice and their loss for our nation’s independence and reunification.

Women’s museum has three main themes: women in the family, women in history and women’s fashion. On the second floor, we can gain deeper understanding about women in the family ranging from wedding ceremonies, wedding costumes for women of all regions to the local rituals and customs related to women. There are some ethnic groups adapting the parental line of descent while others accept maternal line of descent. Despite the difference between groups in the family system, the procedures of wedding seem similar to some extent. The wedding normally consists of three parts: espousal, wedding and returned ceremony. It is interesting to note that for several ethnic groups, the more the amount of dowry is, the higher level of respect and love in husband’s family is. Next to the room displaying exhibits about wedding, there is a place to display the process of pregnancy with unique things of each group own such as a couple’s bedroom of the Black Thai ethnic and the ring called praying for having child. Additionally, the organization of family also depicts thoroughly through exhibits associated with various activities like hunting, planting, trafficking, and so on.

The third floor focuses on the topic of women in history. it is the site to reminisce the life stories of heroic females who delicated  the whole life to the Resistance war against invaders. You will be surprised to see memorabilia in here that is the most justified proof of creativity, iron willpower and ingenuous romance of Vietnamese women even in the wars, typically the vase from shells, militia platoon, etc… there are also various pictures of heroic Vietnamese mothers whose husband, children sacrificed bravely, heroically. They had to hide countless hurt in the introverted soul and continued to fight. They are so so great!!!.

Vietnamese Women's Museum in Hanoi

Vietnamese Women’s Museum in Hanoi

The forth floor is for women’s fashion. It shows clearly percise skills of vietnamese women in the craftsmanship. They produced sewing, art pattern, embroidery, making jewellery art and makeup art deriving from ethnic groups in the north mountainous area.  Besides, it is interesting for tourists to learn more about the unique traditional customs of betel chewing and teeth staining. The museum also holds different exhibitions about various different topics such as “Mau” creed whom the Vietnamese worship for with a view to wishing the best and praying for their family, especially for their children. You have chance of discovering some folk songs, dances and special costumes in the form of worshipping.

Adjacent to the main hall and courtyard, the first floor is also the place to display a wide range of exhibitions according to topics reflecting contemporary life, raising the voice of society and exchanging the cultures between countries, for example, the Japanese doll exhibition with excellent and precise handmade dolls. It brings the museum brand-new leaf and an opening life. Not only taking place some exhibitions and events, does the museum hold traditional musical programs that attract many international tourists as well. Thanks to performing these programs, while tourists outside Vietnam can broaden their horizons about this type of art, Vietnamese people in particular young generations put emphasis on preserving the national conventional traditions and identity. Besides assimilating into multicultural world, they also should protect traditional values and develop them non-stop.

    Attaching importance to creativity and practicing, the museum has opened discovery room in the aim of teaching children aged from 7 to 15 years. With modern and quality facilities, this room would facilitate children to nurture and foster their creativity, soft skills and expand their social relationships. There are both Vietnamese and English books, stories about women, children and other diverse topics sponsored from many bookshops, funds. Children are taught to make craftworks, conceal leaf hats and draw pictures of their own.

Vietnamese women’s museum appears to be a colorful magazine vividly replaying all aspect of life of Vietnamese women. It makes a significant contribution to convey meaningful messages to the youth about the respected qualities of women. It also helps to broaden our horizons about national heritage and traditional values of Vietnamese women.

Hanoi Free Local Tours would love to introduce you women’s museum, one of the top things to do in Hanoi,

hope that you have a bit informative information about this place.




Water puppetry is remarkable creation from rice culture by the Vietnamese. Although puppetry is formed in many countries around the world, Vietnam is the only country with water puppet. Experiencing the ups and downs of history, Vietnamese people still preserve and develop water puppetry, which becomes an innovative and special art.

Vietnamese water puppet art has exxisted more than 1000 years. Water puppetry was first performed in 1121 to celebrate the King’s birth under the reign of Ly dynasty., Iit has quickly developed into a form of indispensable art in the daily life of Vietnamese people. Water puppet performances daily lives of Vietnamese farmers such as harvesting, planting, fishing, tending buffalo,…Moreover, the audience have chances to review not only the historical legends ( Le Loi, one of the most famous kings in Vietnam, returned the sword in Hoan Kiem Lake ), Vietnam fairytales but also the competitions in our life, such as sailing, racing dragon, swimming contest,…  Today, the artists can combine the light and sound effects to attract more spectators and renew their stories.

Water puppet art has different characteristics with conventional puppetry: the water is used as the stage, the background is decorated with flags, paper fans, and votive objects. Through the system of font, tangled wires, which connect between puppets (made of wood) and artists, the artisans can control the puppets on the water to perform various repertoires. Normally, in water puppet performances, the sounds of musical instruments such as drums, flutes are extremely important.



In Hanoi, travelers have the opportunity to see water puppet show at Thang Long Water Puppet Theatre. The theater is a familiar address for both domestic tourists and foreign ones, who want to enjoy water puppet shows and discovery the beauty of this unique Vietnam traditional art. Definitely, enjoying a cup of tea or coffee in lounge in front of the Thang Long Theatre, having a nice view to see the beauty of Hoan Kiem Lake and watching a water puppet show is are the most wonderful moments that you have ever experienced in your life.

Address: 57b Đinh Tiên Hoàng, Hoàn Kiếm Hanoi
Recommended length of visit: 1-2 hours.
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