HO CHI MINH’S COMPLEX
Ho Chi Minh is the great father of Vietnam, who dedicated his life to save the country from invaders. Every Vietnamese looks up to President Ho Chi Minh. Respecting his contribution and modality, for all Vietnamese family, he was regarded as the Great father or simply Uncle Ho.
In honor of the President’s gratitude, the Government had the Hochiminh Complex established inside Hanoi Capital after he had gone.
Ho Chi Minh complex includes Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum, Ba Dinh square, Presidential Palace, House No.54, Uncle Ho’s House on stilt, One pillar pagoda and Ho Chi Minh Museum.
Ba Dinh square.
Ba Dinh square, where Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum lies. Here on September 2nd, 1945 in front of thousand Vietnamese people, President Ho Chi Minh read the Independence Declaration of Vietnam. From here, the Vietnam independence and freedom and the Democratic Republic of Vietnam came into existence.
The square’s significant role also derives from its national largest size, containing up to 200,000 people, with 168 sq. meters of green and fresh grass.
Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum.
President Ho Chi Minh was always present in the mind and memory of Vietnamese. On September 2nd, 1973, his mausoleum started to be built in Ba Dinh Square, where he read the Independence Declaration on September 2nd, 1945, and was completed on August 22nd, 1975, with the Soviet Union’s help.
Ho Chi Minh mausoleum was built with materials from all over the country. The gardens surrounding the mausoleum have nearly 250 different species of plants and flowers, all from different regions of Vietnam. You will feel the solemn when come into here.
Now walking a few steps, you will pass by the Presidential Palace, right next to the mausoleum. Presidential Palace was designed by supervising of ed a German architect for a French Indochina Governor and was completed 1906. That is the most fussy and expensive construction at that time.
In 1945, when Vietnam again had independence, it was recalled the Presidential Palace. Although Uncle Ho was supposed to lived and worked, he refused to live in this luxurious building. He said it was totally unsuitable for his poor and starving people. In 1954, Ho Chi Minh came back to Hanoi and just stayed at a small house in this garden (House No.54).
Refusing to live in the Presidential palace, President Ho Chi Minh lived in a normal electrician’s house nearby. This is where Ho Chi Minh lived and worked when he returns to in Ha Noi in 1954. And even after moving he continued to take a meal here.
He’d a very simple life. Most of the house facilities (fan, radio…) were gifts from people all over the world. Late in the afternoon, when everyone backed home, the radio was turned on all the time until uncle Ho went to bed. He said “he needs to hear human voice around to warm him up”
Ho Chi Minh house on silts
Having an idea that this small and simple house wasn’t suitable for a President, Vietnamese government decided to build his own house. Walking around, you can feel his simple and pure lifestyle in an wooden tiled house on stilt, surrounded by a gardens which are full of fruit trees and a peaceful fishpond.
The house has two floors. The ground floor was the meeting place, and upstair there were a bed room, a study room and a bookshelf. Outside, there was a garden, and trees in this garden are from all over the country. Besides, there was a fish pond in this garden. It was grown up firstly by Uncle Ho. Everyday around 4pm, he took a break by feeding his fish (anabas, golden carp). He always came on time and clapped his hands so these fishs quickly learn a habit of hearing this voice and coming up on the water. Long after his death, the fishs still keep this habit.
The house on stilts is an excellent example of uncle Ho’s simple life. The beloved President lived here from 1958 until he passed away.
One Pillar Pagoda.
The One-Pillar Pagoda within the complex (behind the mausoleum and in front of the Ho Chi Minh museum) is an ancient one built in 1049 under the Ly Dynasty. It has an unique architectural idea with simulation of lotus on the water. Its unique architecture based on the very interesting legend. Therefore, now there are many couples coming here and praying for a child (especially a son).
Ho Chi Minh Museum.
The Ho Chi Minh Museum in Hanoi is the preserver of everything memorable related to President Ho Chi Minh. The Museum was started opening on 2nd September, in 1990, to celebrate the 100th birthday occasion of Ho Chi Minh.
The museum was built in the shape of a white lotus flower. It has a priceless collection of military orders, mementos, photos of the Communist Party’s earlier achievements, the great August and October revolutions, exhibits related to Ho Chi Minh’s political activities, etc.
Nguyen Thi Phuong
Temple of Literature and National University
Vietnam has known as a country with a long tradition of academic excellence. So that can fail to mention two famous universities of Vietnam from ancient times until now : Temple of Literature and National University in Ha Noi.
To begin with , Temple of Literature, Vietnam’s first national university, which was built in1070 at the time of Emperor Ly Thanh Tong. The temple is located to the south of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long, which is extremely well preserved and is a superb example of traditional-style Vietnamese architecture.
This ancient site offers a lake of literature, the Well of Heavenly Clarity, turtle steles, pavilions, courtyards and passageways that were once used by royalty. Visiting the Temple of Literature we can discover historic buildings from the Ly and Tran dynasties in a revered place that has seen thousands of doctors’ graduate in what has now become a memorial to education and literature. Successful graduates had their names engraved on a stone stele which can be found on top of the stone turtles.
Today people mention Temple of Literature as a famous tourist destination and where investment widely in education is National University. The university has 10 colleges and faculties. This is one of two national universities and also one of the two largest universities in Vietnam, along with Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City.
National University is the largest comprehensive higher education and research center in Vietnam. It is entrusted with the task of producing highly qualified human resources and talents for the industrialization and modernization of the country. The university holds a special position in Vietnam’s higher education system, operating according to a special regulation promulgated by the Prime Minister. National University reports directly to the Prime Minister and has high autonomy in personnel organization, academic programs, scientific research and technological development, planning and finance, international relations and other fields.It is entitled to work directly with ministries, ministerial level organizations, governmental bodies, people’s committees of central cities and provinces on affairs related to National University. It’s universities, schools, and institutes maintain their juridical entity status as higher education and scientific research institutions regulated by the Law on Education and the Law on Science-Technology.
In short, from the past to the present , two national colleges has contributed greatly in the education of the country ‘s cultural temples . This two buildings certainly will forever stay in the hearts of Vietnamese also their pride.
“Temple of Literature and National University in Ha Noi”
Vu Thi Kieu Nga,
Hanoi Free Local Tours
Long Bien Bridge
When visiting Hanoi, every foreign visitor often goes to such very famous places as The Temple of Literature, Ho Chi Minh mausoleum, Hoan Kiem lakeBut now, I will introduce you a destination that you don’t often go: Long Bien Bridge.
On visiting Long Bien Bridge, you will be impressed by its antiquity and the sencenery around. Being constructed from 1898 to 1902, Long Bien Bridge is the first bridge to cross the Red river, the biggest river in the north of Vietnam. With 2290 m in length, 19 spans, it was designed by French engineers; so, it is also called “Eiffel tower” of Vietnam. More than a century has gone by, overcoming so many ups and downs, Long Bien Bridge is still wonderful with values of time. It serves the trade between the two ends, helps people a lot in transportation.
HISTORY ABOUT LONG BIEN BRIDGE
In the war period, Long Bien Bridge was the shelter of Vietnamese soldiers. It protected the brave ones from bullets of the enemy. Therefore, it was in heavy demolition and until 1973, it was restored. Long Bien Bridge is also the place to welcome the soldiers to come back from the two pointless wars against France and the USA. Thus, to those soldiers, it is not just a bridge, it is the witness and memories of the glorious historical period.
LONG BIEN BRIDGE AT PRESENT
Nowadays, Long Bien Bridge is a very interesting place for strolling and sightseeing. You can easily see many corns and vegetable fields under the bridge, breathe fresh air and take many photographs with the romantic view. Besides, you can go to the Red river rock shore near there to see the beauty of the flowers. Whenever you visit there, you can easily be impressed by the beautiful flower fields. In the spring, the peach blossom makes you feel warmer to reach Tet holiday. In the summer and autumn, there are landmasses of white blooming reeds. It is so beautiful and romantic. If you visit in the winter, you can immerse in the yellow color of borecoles.
In general, Long Bien Bridge is a very fascinating place to visit when you come to the capital of Vietnam, Hanoi. Welcome you!
Nguyen Thi Diem